Hungary – Labour market situation , education
- The economic crisis has temporarily strengthened the negative features of the Hungarian labour market, i.e. the low employment level and the broad group of economically inactive people.
- In 2011–2012, there has been an improvement in the field of employment; within 2 years the number of the employed grew by 93 thousand, while their ratio rose from 55.4% to 57.2%, to which the expansion of public employment also contributed in 2012. This further narrowed the group of economically inactive people. The employment of women was below the EU average. In female employment differentiated by the number of children, the difference was the most considerable, nearly 17 percentage points in case of women with 3 or more children. In 2012 the employment rate of women improved, it grew from 50.6% to 52.1% year-on-year.
- In 2012 the number and the ratio of the unemployed remained unchanged following the slight decline in 2011. The unemployment rate was 11.0%. The risk of unemployment is high in case of young people with university/college degree as well. The unemployment rate among the 20–24 and 25–29 year-old graduates is several times higher than among graduates in the age group 15–64 on the average.
- The number and rate of job vacancies decreased in the private sector. In 2012, the average number of job vacancies to be filled was 14.5 thousand, 6.6% less than in 2011.
- The educational attainment of the population has remarkably improved in the past decades. In 2011, more than one fifth of the population aged 25-64 years had a university/college degree and another one third had G.C.S.E. A quarter of the population speaks at least one foreign language.
- At the end of the past decade, kindergarten services showed a considerable improvement (in 2012 88.7% of children aged 3-5 attended kindergarten), although there are still significant regional inequalities. The number of children enrolled in kindergartens increased between 2008 and 2011, but it slightly fell in 2012 (by 1,000 children) year-on-year.
- The number of students in public education has further diminished due to the decreasing number of children. The rate of the early school leavers (11.5%) is lower than the EU average.
- In secondary education, the share of the different school types did not significantly change in the past decade; 23% of the children attend apprentice schools, 42% secondary vocational schools and 35% secondary grammar schools.
- Since the turn of the millennium, the number of people in adult education attending vocational schools has been continuously growing, while it has been decreasing in the case of secondary schools providing G.C.S.E.
- The expansion of tertiary education slowed down already in the middle of the last decade, and the number of students has been decreasing ever since. In full-time education, the stagnation was replaced by a 3% decrease in 2012. The number of applicants dropped to a larger extent, so the ratio of those admitted (73%) is higher than in the past two years. Among the fields of training, the ratio of students attending technologic, natural sciences, health and welfare, as well as services education has grown since 2005.
- Apathy to politics high among Hungarian youth, study suggests (politics.hu)
- Hungarian Central Statistical Office Report 2012. (Part 1) (budapest2014.wordpress.com)